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Contrasting Cognates in Modern Languages from a Diachronic Perspective


ISBN: 978-83-7865-818-4

Rok wydania: 2019

Liczba stron: 170

Format: A5

oprawa miękka


Contrasting Cognates in Modern Languages from a Diachronic Perspective

Autor: Mikołaj Rychło

Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego


The book presents a convincing attempt at combining contrastive analysis as applied to modern languages with a diachronic approach. The author analyses collected Polish-English cognates, referring to their Proto-Germanic and Proto-Slavic forms, and goes on to explain their relationship at the level of Proto-Indo–European. He investigates their similarities and disparities thoroughly, while illuminating the phonological, morphological and semantic processes that occurred in the development of the languages under comparison or in their prehistories.

Dr Mikolaj Rychlo has elaborated convincing methodological criteria for researching Polish-English cognates, which he skilfully develops, discussing not only evident and probable cases, but also controversial and difficult ones. The work under review is innovative both for methodological reasons and also by virtue of the author’s approach to the issue of a Polish-English linguistic affinity. I recommend the study as being a major scientific contribution to the fields of contrastive and diachronic research.

prof. dr hab. Krzysztof Tomasz Witczak


Table of contents

Acknowledgements | 8

Abbreviations | 9

Part 1. Introduction | 13

Chapter 1. Aims | 14

Chapter 2. The contribution of the present approach

to contrastive linguistics | 15

Chapter 3. The cognates | 17

Chapter 4. A common ancestor | 23

4.1. The time, place and diversification of Proto-Indo-European | 23

4.2. Implications for current research | 32

Part 2. The methodology of collecting Polish-English cognates | 39

Chapter 5. The principle of continuity: Attestation | 40

Chapter 6. The Slavic, Germanic and Indo-European background | 46

Chapter 7. The phonological connection | 50

Chapter 8. The morphological connection | 61

8.1. Exact cognates sensu stricto | 63

8.2. Exact cognates sensu lato | 71

8.3. Derivatives versus reflexes of the base | 81

8.4. Cognates descended from alternant word-forms | 89

Chapter 9. The semantic connection | 95

Part 3. Putting methodology into practice | 109

Chapter 10. Cognates versus independent derivatives | 110

Chapter 11. Cognates versus loanwords | 128

Chapter 12. Other causes of similarity: Chance and onomatopoeia | 139

Part 4. Conclusion: Inherited elements in Polish and English,

the potential for further research | 149

References | 153

Indices | 165



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